Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)

Negotiations pursuant to the Bali Action Plan concluded at COP 18 in Doha. As a part of the agreed outcome, developing country Parties will take Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the context of sustainable development.
NAMAs refer to any action that reduces emissions in developing countries and is prepared under the umbrella of a national governmental initiative. They can be policies directed at transformational change within an economic sector, or actions across sectors for a broader national focus. NAMAs are supported and enabled by technology, financing, and capacity-building and are aimed at achieving a reduction in emissions relative to 'business as usual' emissions in 2020. NAMAs are defined in two contexts:

1. NAMAs at the National Level:
At the National Level as a formal submission by Parties declaring intent to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in a manner commensurate with their capacity and in line with their national development goals.
An open invitation for countries to communicate NAMAs aimed at achieving deviation from business as usual emissions is included in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 50. So far, fifty-seven countries as well as the African Group have done so, the results of which are available through the links below.

Interactive Map of Pre-2020 Actions

Misc Document containing all NAMAs

Original NAMA Submissions

2. Individual NAMAs that contribute towards meeting the objectives of NAMAs at the National Level:
At the Individual Action Level, as detailed actions or groups of actions designed to help a country meet their mitigation objectives within the context of national development goals.
These NAMAs are diverse, ranging from project based mitigation actions to sectoral programmes or policies, and exist in one of the stages below. NAMAs that have been submitted to the NAMA Registry are publicly available in this platform.
Preparation: The action is in the conceptual or drafting phase towards a formal proposal that describes the activities, estimates cost, identifies support needs, assesses potential GHG emission reductions, and provides a time frame for the actions.
Implementation: The action has been approved by the national government and is either ready to begin operation or is awaiting the resources to do so.

SBI Work Programme to Further the Understanding of the Diversity of NAMAs

COP 18 established a two-year work programme to further the understanding of the diversity of NAMAs. This programme considers:

  • Underlying assumptions and methodologies, sectors and gases covered, global warming potential values used and estimated mitigation outcomes;
  • Needs for financial, technology and capacity-building support, as well as support available and provided, access modalities and related experience gained;
  •  The extent of the matching of mitigation actions with financial, technology and capacity building support under the registry

SBI Workprogramme SB39   | SBI Workprogramme SB40

The NAMA Registry

The Conference of Parties (COP), at its sixteenth session, decided to set up the NAMA registry.

NAMAs Under the AWGLCA

To understand their diversity and underlying assumptions, a series of workshops was organized during the AWGLCA. Reports of these workshops and presentations made by Parties can be found in the following links:

First workshop | Second workshop | Third workshop |

The Conference of Parties (COP), at its sixteenth session, decided to set up a registry to record nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) seeking international support, to facilitate the matching of finance, technology and capacity-building support with these actions, and to recognize other NAMAs.

Participation is voluntary and only information that has been specifically requested for recording in the NAMA registry is found in this platform.The NAMA registry has not been designed to perform functions of measurement, reporting and verification of mitigation actions and support.For detail information on the existing MRV arrangements for developed countries and developing countries, click here.

Related information on the NAMA registry and its use is found here.

Regional Capacity Building Workshops

The COP, at its 18th session required the secretariat to organize regional technical workshops to support developing countries in development and implementation of their nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs).

To respond to this request, secretariat has been facilitating provision of technical support to developing countries in the design and implementation of their nationally mitigation actions (NAMAs). To that end secretariat has organized three rounds of regional capacity building workshops which brought together national experts with experts from international organizations, private sector and civil society to facilitate sharing of experiences, lessons learned and best practices in the process of preparation and implementation of NAMAs. Hands-on training on financial engineering and measurement, reporting and verification were also part of these regional workshops.

in 2006, in order to tailor the support to meet the specific capacity building needs of countries, particularly those that are lagging behind in design and implementation of NAMA, secretariat organized two sub-regional workshops in Francophone and Anglophone Africa.

Objective of the regional Capacity-Building Workshops

  • Facilitate accelerated implementation of NAMAs so that they can effectively contribute towards closing the pre-2020 ambition gap and contribute towards achieving nationally determined contributions;
  • Facilitate provision of tailored technical support to developing countries, particularly those that are lagging behind, in design and implementation of NAMAs;
  • To ensure synergy, coherence and cost-effectiveness and to avoid duplication of efforts, strengthen collaboration within the secretariat and with external partners in providing support to developing countries in implementation of NAMAs an in closing the pre-2020 ambition gap.

NAMA Market Place

In order to facilitate accelerated implementation of NAMAs, since 2015 secretariat has been organizing NAMA Market Place sessions, which provide countries with ambitious NAMAs a platform to present their NAMAs to panel of public donors/lenders and private sectors.


  • Provide platform for countries to present ambitious NAMAs to potential donors;
  • Showcase leadership role taken by front runner countries in design and implementation of ambitious NAMAs;
  • Facilitate implementation of ambitious NAMAs that aim to move relevant sectors on low-emissions pathways

Secretariat contact: Ms. Tshering Sherpa (Tsherpa@unfccc,int) and Ms. Marie-Therese Diouf-Sperling (

Related information on the regional workshop and NAMA Market Place is found here.